Instructional Strategies
"What children learn depends not only on what they are taught but also how they are taught, their development level, and their interests and experiences.... These beliefs require that much closer attention be paid to the methods chosen for presenting material..."Understanding the Common Essential Learnings,
Saskatchewan Education, 1988. (p.10)



Make linkages obvious and explicit
Actively help students understand how key concepts across the curriculum relate to each other as you are teaching.

Prime background knowledge
Connect new information or skills to what students have already learned. Provide additional instruction or support to students who lack necessary background knowledge.

Provide temporary support for learning
Provide support (scaffolding) while students are learning new knowledge and skills, gradually reducing the level of support as students move toward independence.

Use conspicuous steps and strategies
Teach students to follow a specific set of procedures to solve problems or use a process.

Review for fluency and generalization
Give students many opportunities to practice what they have learned and receive feedback on their performance to ensure knowledge is retained over time and can be applied in different situations.

© 2000 State of Florida, Department of State Updated 2009
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